Mirena IUD Information
What is Mirena IUD?
Mirena Is an intrauterine device that is hormone-based and is used as a long-term birth control device and in the treatment of heavy periods.
Mirena IUDs Help prevent pregnancy by causing the mucus in the cervix to thicken, stopping sperm from fertilizing an egg, and also thinning the lining of the uterus. The thinning of the lining of the uterus suppresses menstrual bleeding.
Mirena IUD is manufactured by Bayer and contains a hormone that prevents pregnancy known as Levonorgestrel. Mirena IUDs can last up to 5 years.
What are the advantages of Mirena IUD?
Some advantages of Mirena IUD include:
• They can be used by women of all ages
• they can remain in place for up to five years
• It can be removed at any time and normal fertility returns quickly
• it can be used while breastfeeding
• reduces or completely eliminates risks associated with estrogen-based birth control methods
• It can decrease severe menstrual pain or pain related to endometriosis. This is the abnormal growth of tissue of the uterine lining.
• It helps decrease heavy menstrual bleeding
Who can or should not use Mirena IUD?
Mirena IUDs should not be used by:
• Women within two to three months after giving birth (to reduce the risk of injury to the uterine wall)
• Women with breast cancer
• Women with uterine or cervical cancer
• people with liver disease
• Unexplained vagina bleeding
What are the risks associated with using Mirena IUD?
Although less than 1% of users of Mirena IUD will get pregnant, women who get pregnant while using this contraceptive are at risk of ectopic pregnancies. Mirena prevents most pregnancies.
Mirena does not protect against STIs.
In rare cases, IUDs may cause perforation of the uterine wall.
What are the side effects of Mirena IUD?
Some side effects of Mirena are:
• irregular bleeding (it usually resolves within the first six months of treatment)
• Mood changes
• Pelvic pain or cramps
• breast tenderness
Consult your doctor immediately you notice any of the following:
• If you think you are pregnant
• if you have abdominal pain or pain while having sex
• if you have unusual or foul-smelling discharge, vagina lesions, or sores
• If you’ve been exposed to an STI
• If you can no longer feel the strings of the IUD or if the strings seem longer
• yellowing skin or eyes
• Unusual or heavy or persistent vaginal bleeding