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Caffeine citrate 10 mg

What is caffeine citrate?

Caffeine citrate is a methylxanthine, a type of protein used to treat or manage interrupted breathing in neonates. The medicine has been shown through research to reduce the number of times neonates (preterm babies) experience interrupted breathing episodes or apnea.

How does caffeine citrate work?

Caffeine citrate is a medication that belongs to the group known as methylxanthines. It works by blocking certain proteins known as adenosine receptors leading to improved breathing in the infants it has been administered to. 

How is caffeine citrate used?

Caffeine citrate is usually administered by mouth or a feeding tube. Dosage is determined by the weight of the infant, any underlying conditions, and the infants’ response to treatment. 

Do not use this medication if you notice any discolorations or particles and dispose of any unused drugs as there are no preservatives in the drug. 

If symptoms persist, do consult your doctor. 

What should I know about Caffeine citrate?

Do make sure to read and follow all instructions on the product label and information leaflet and from your physician. 

What should my healthcare provider know before my infant is administered Caffeine citrate?

Your healthcare provider should know if your child has ever had seizures, heart problems, liver or kidney disease or if your child has previously had an allergic reaction to it. 

How long can I use caffeine citrate?

Caffeine citrate is a medicine meant for short-term use only and should not be used for more than 12 days without a physician’s advice. 

How is caffeine citrate injection administered?

Caffeine citrate is administered intravenously. The medication is not to be administered, intramuscularly. 

What side effects of caffeine citrate are there?

Common side effects of caffeine citrate include:

  • Feeding problems 
  • Skin rash
  • Restlessness
  • Jitteriness
  • Shakiness 
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Vomiting
  • Blood in stool 
  • Stomach bloating
  • Weakness
  • Drowsiness
  • Fever 
  • Chills 
  • Rapid breathing

If you notice any of these effects or other unlisted effects in your infants, inform your doctor. 

Can caffeine help with weight loss?

Although no evidence suggests caffeine can help achieve noticeable weight loss, caffeine can help suppress appetite briefly and also increase energy use when at rest. 

Caffeine injection use

Caffeine citrate injection is used in the treatment of apnea/breathing problems in neonates. It could also be used for other purposes as determined by your physician. 

Caffeine citrate dosage in neonates

Caffeine citrate is expressed as twice the dosage of caffeine base and is clinically effective within four hours. Infants to be given caffeine citrate should be able to breathe on their own without requiring pressure ventilation. 

Caffeine citrate should be administered at a dosage of 2ml/kg or 20 mg/kg once every 24 hours. 

Directions of use of caffeine citrate. 

Caffeine citrate is to be used as directed by your doctor. Content on should not be taken as prescription or medical advice. 

Where can I get caffeine citrate in Nigeria?

You can purchase caffeine citrate here at, Nigeria’s largest online pharmacy for NGN 5,460.


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